We work closely with manufacturers involved at all stages of the wool manufacturing pipeline, developing new processes and creating new product opportunities that are both innovative and aimed at adding value to create new commercial opportunities. Dyeing. The process of removal of the fleece from an animal is called shearing. Yarn is an exciting adventure for your fiber! Fleece wool generally contains the longest wool fibres, which vary less in diameter and length. Different breeds of sheep produce different types of wool, from very fine merino wool to much coarser crossbred wool. In its commitment to promote the best wool textiles and yarns from across the world, The Woolmark Company acknowledges the irreplaceable contribution of Japanese manufacturers to this landscape. We do that through a process called carding. Shearing is mostly done by machines or sometimes by hands. The environmental impacts associated with Australian wool production, processing and use will be compared using a life cycle assessment (LCA) approach. Dr Errol Wood (AgResearch) The strand of fibres has to come from a fairly thick strand down to a very fine one, so there are steps that enable that to happen. Grading and sorting of the fleece, is the breaking up of the fleece based on quality. The mechanical processing of wool can be divided into three main steps: sliver formation, sliver preparation and yarn formation. Dr Errol Wood (AgResearch) The worsted system is much more fussy on the type of wools that are required. Your fiber will start on the p The fleece recovered from a sheep can weigh between 6 – 18 pounds. Wool combing, the single process, is indispensable in the manufacture of a worsted yarn. These fabrics are ideal for warm winter jackets or sweaters. Top-making is unique to the worsted processing system and comprises three steps: carding, gilling and combing. Woollen yarn is usually created from the shorter fibres of the sheep's fleece. The base is then sealed with an adhesive. The singles yarn is quite fine, relatively weak, particularly if it’s wool, so it’s common practice to combine two singles yarns together, by twisting them together to form say a two-fold yarn or higher as well. 2. Dr Errol Wood (AgResearch): The last step in producing yarn is what we call spinning, and the ring-spinning frame does that very efficiently. Wool undergoes many stages of processing to turn it into fabric. The practice died out with the modernisation of the industrial revolution. Step 4. Join now. They have transferred technical knowhow about the manufacturing of wool products, disseminated information about sources of raw materials, chemicals and machines, and organised international trade missions to connect our project partners with buyers. Here are the steps: 1. Join now. A good shearer is able to get the fleece off the sheep with very few second cuts (short cuts of wool), which decreases the amount of work needed for processing and increases the value of the wool. The sheep that you showed are almost ready for some sheering. There are variations in the number of steps required depending whether you are making a yarn for the woollen system or a yarn for the worsted system. Wool Textile Organisation (IWTO) has restricted use of the term ‘eco-wool ’ to wools that comply with the EU ecolabel standard at all stages of processing and production. It’s the simplest and shortest route. And there you have your yarn. Dyeing is divided into two possible types: yarn dyeing and piece dyeing. The Wool Production Process. The card has disentangled the fibres in the mass of scoured wool and has mixed them in a roughly parallel formation. But irrespective of what the end product is, there is the need for the scoured wool to be opened and mixed and reorganised in a nice uniform strand. Here is wool prior to making a yarn – it’s called a roving. A good shearer is able to get the fleece off the sheep with very few second cuts (short cuts of wool), which decreases the amount of work needed for processing and increases the value of the wool. You can make also knitwear from it – it makes very nice knitwear as well – but the yarn tends to be hairy, perhaps less strong. Click on each step in this interactive flow diagram to find its purpose and view the process in action. The first step in processing wool takes place on the farm or ranch with shearing, usually in the springtime. No wonder the saying goes "count sheep to fall asleep". In this method, the fleece of the sheep along with a thin layer of skin is removed. We find there’s usually small particles of vegetable matter – seeds and leaf and twigs – picked up by the sheep. 4/7. Worsted yarns produce finer, higher-quality fabrics. It provides an introductory overview to the journey of wool from farm to fashion. Harvesting wool. (i) Picking out the burrs (ii) Dyeing in various colours (iii) Shearing (iv) Scouring (v) Sorting. In merino, it’s very fine – about half a millimetre spacing – but the crimp in crossbred wool is several millimetres long. This sourcing guide is the first of its kind, and highlights 22 of the best wool spinners, weavers and specialists from Japan to help you source wool and directly connect with some of the world’s leading suppliers. You can spin from the ends or the fold of clicked locks to produce semiworsted yarn, or prepare the locks further by using a hand carder or a drumcarder. To be made into fabric, wool undergoes several processes. They can complete the task in about 5 minutes, … Push the fleece down gently into the water a … Processing fibres into wool. The wool which is used for knitting sweaters or for weaving shawls is the finished product of a long process, which involves the following steps: Step I: in the first step the fleece of the sheep with its thin layer of skin is removed from its body. The quality of the shearing process is another big step in getting high quality wool. T.NANDINI DEVI MVM 15025 2. So you’re starting with finer wool. Well, the sheep has that same issue, so that has to be removed, and there’s a high production washing process by a wool scour. At the same time a special spinning oil is added which helps the wool fibers slide against each other but also helps them stick together as a fine web … Step II: The sheared fleece is systematically washed in tanks in order to remove the grease, dust and dirt. VIDEO. We try to use a professional shearer as much as we possibly can. Its journey will end in a beautiful product for you to knit, crochet, weave or get crafty with. Fill the machine with HOT water and laundry or animal soap, then add the bags of fleece. Step I: The first step is the removal of the fleece of the sheep along with a thin layer of skin. These wool fibres vary more in diameter and length. These are the worsted system and the woollen system. Gilling is a process of aligning the wool fibres so they are parallel to one another. In previous blog posts, we discussed the first few stages of processing wool: Selecting Wool Growers, Shearing, and Skirting, Grading & Baling. They still may be in the wool, and of course they are a no-no for the yarn, so combing removes those. Fulling, also known as tucking or walking (Scots: waukin, hence often spelled waulking in Scottish English), is a step in woollen clothmaking which involves the cleansing of cloth (particularly wool) to eliminate oils, dirt, and other impurities, and to make it thicker. Dr Errol Wood (AgResearch) The scouring process – that’s essential, because the sheep picks up contaminants such as dirt and also releases sweat and grease much like if we didn’t wash our hair for a year, imagine what our hair would be like. But a hairy look sometimes is quite desirable - a kind of rustic… a genuine wool look is what you get from woollen. This process is termed as shearing. Here are the major steps involved in wool processing: Shearing of the sheep is typically done once per year, often in the spring. 390 wool processing equipment products are offered for sale by suppliers on Alibaba.com, of which industrial washer accounts for 4%, nonwoven machines accounts for 1%, and carding machines accounts for 1%. Processing of wool 1. In New Zealand, most of our wool is processed in this way because we are a major producer of carpet yarns, and most of the carpets you buy have gone through the woollen system. A skillful shearer, using fast electric hand clippers similar to enlarged barber’s shears, can shear a … However, during the carding process many fibres will have been broken, and the card sliver will consist of a variety of fibre lengths. Worsted yarn is used to make flatter, lighter and smoother fabrics such as those used for traditional tailoring. So that’s why we have these extra steps which don’t feature in the woollen system but are vital to making a good worsted yarn. Sheep shearing is the process by which the woollen fleece of a sheep is cut off. They tend to be finer because the end products are going to be high-quality apparel fabrics that want soft handle and lightness of weight, good breathability and all these other desirable consumer properties. Write the above steps in the correct sequence in which they are carried out. Woollen yarns may be made into carpets by tufting. Many fibers from fine to coarse, especially raw wool, are suitable for flick carding. Your browser is not fully supported. Curious Minds is a Government initiative jointly led by the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment, the Ministry of Education and the Office of the Prime Minister’s Chief Science Advisor. Sheep are usually shorn annually in the spring/summer months. Wool is one of the most naturally inspiring fibres on the planet, and undergoes a unique journey from the sheep’s back to the world of fashion. Yarns from both the woollen and worsted systems can be woven into apparel, carpets and upholstery. A wide variety of wool processing equipment options are available to you, There are 73 suppliers who sells wool processing equipment on Alibaba.com, mainly located in Asia. Dr Errol Wood (AgResearch) Yarn may go in a number of directions. what are the Processing of fibres into wool . This process is done in spring weather as sheep do not require the outer skin to keep them warm. It also removes the short fibres, because short fibres are hard to control in the yarn. We try to use a professional shearer as much as we possibly can. Woollen yarn is usually created from the shorter fibres of the sheep's fleece. This is done using a coarse comb. The target is fine even yarn, and an uneven yarn means it’s going to have thick and thin places where it may break during processing and also will look less tidy and less attractive. The yarn is then woven on a loom to create wool fabric. 1. Carding is a big machine about 20 metres long or longer with tooth rollers that tease the fibres, open them up and produce a nice even strand for the next stage. Free to access, these intuitive online courses will further your education on wool fibre science, how wool is processed and how fabrics are finished and dyed. At this stage, the sliver still contains particles of vegetable matter as well as short fibres. Various steps involved to obtain wool from fleece are given here. This is known as scouring. Shearing is … “Light and easy” is always the key here. Thank you so much for showing the processing of wool. Step 1: Minimize Wool Contamination • Lowers overall yield • Quality of wool clip • Contaminants: –Natural • Urine and feces –Acquired • Vegetable Matter • Polypropylene twine • Colored fibers • Hair –Applied • Paint brands • Copper sulfate stain . Machines similar to those used by barbers are used to shave off hair. This sourcing guide aims to provide support in navigating Vietnam’s high-quality textile manufacturing industry for the global wool supply chain. A single metal ring at the end of this process provides a frame during the fundamental phase when a spool of semi-finished material is transformed into valuable thread. This survey will open in a new tab and you can fill it out after your visit to the site. Dr Errol Wood (AgResearch) Many people think that woollen is woollen, but woollen is the name given to a particular type of wool processing. Flick carding wool can be the first step of hand carding. The hair provides woollen fibres that are then processed to obtain woollen yarn. Dr Errol Wood (AgResearch) A set of processes required to convert that tangled mass of scoured wool into a nice even smooth yarn. Log in. Sliver or slubbing formation This involves disentangling and mixing the fibres, removing vegetable matter and forming a continuous web, s… We call them drafting. Learn more about Wool processing and manufacturing on the Woolmark Learning Centre. This course is designed to introduce you to wool, wool processing and to wool products. Coarser diameter wool is more suitable for heavy apparel and carpets, while finer wool is used for high-quality apparel. This process is known as shearing. This is the first step of processing fibre into wool. It explores the source of wool (sheep) and the process of harvesting wool (shearing, classing, baling and transport). Dr Errol Wood (AgResearch) Combing does a kind of tidy-up process. The Woolmark Company collaborates with more than 90 partners in Vietnam, including flatbed knitters, circular knitters and garment-making companies. The major steps necessary to process wool from the sheep to the fabric are: shearing, cleaning and scouring, grading and sorting, carding, spinning, weaving, and finishing. The strand is taken, it’s twisted, it’s drafted into a thinner entity and wound onto a package at high speed. The demands for strength and length are much more critical to get a good, fine, even yarn. This process is overseen by Woolgatherer Carding Mill, located just down the road from us in Montague, California.Woolgatherer supplies all the wool we use to make our natural and organic wool bedding. Yarns from both the woollen and worsted systems can be knitted into garments. Ask your question. We work closely with manufacturers involved at all stages of the wool manufacturing pipeline, developing new processes and creating new product opportunities which are both innovative and aimed at adding value to create new commercial opportunities. It’s a very quick route – scouring, carding, spinning and twisting – basically four steps, you’ll have a yarn ready for making into a carpet. There are wool scours scattered around New Zealand, and they handle perhaps about 5 tonnes of wool an hour in their production to produce clean scoured wool – white, free of contaminants, ready for processing. I wanted to gain some experience working with raw wool … Shearing. The fleece is sheared from the sheep, scoured, carded, combed and spun into yarn. Acknowledgement: NEC wool fabric evening dress designed by New Zealand fashion designer Sera Lilly, courtesy of AgResearch. The washed and dried wool is then "teased" or "picked" which is the beginning of the process of opening up the locks of wool and turning it into a consistent web. Zeilinger Wool Company Yarn Mill was added in the year 2000. Most Australian wool is used for the manufacture of apparel products, and in the production of these two main manufacturing systems or methods are used. If they fall over they are not going to be able to get up. In this technique, yarns are stitched through a backing fabric to create loops. The different processes involved in wool production are shearing, scouring, grading, dyeing, and drying. Skirting and sorting: Choosing the usable wool and discarding the unwanted pieces. Woollen yarn is used to make thick, heavyweight woven or knitted garments. My Grandmother went through this process. Worsted yarn mainly uses the highest quality fleece wool obtained during shearing. The crimp or the waviness of the fibre is different from breed to breed. And so we reach the end of the process with one of those fabrics being formed, either a tufted carpet, a woven carpet, a woven fabric or a knitted fabric. 1. Published 31 May 2010, Updated 11 July 2017. Process. Displaying top 8 worksheets found for - Steps Involved In Processing Of Wool. In general, all … It will be washed, picked, carded and spun then put onto cones or made into skeins. It’s a very quick route – scouring, carding, spinning and twisting – basically four steps, you’ll have a … Please upgrade your browser. 3. The quality of the shearing process is another big step in getting high quality wool. Lightweight and easy care are not qualities usually associated with wool, but innovative fabrics developed at AgResearch in Christchurch are changing this reputation. The goal is to remove the wool in one piece. Woollen yarn is used to make … Next come the buyers. Greasy Wool. SHEARING AND GRADING The first step in processing wool takes place on the farm or ranch with shearing… usually in the springtime just before lambing. It may be a coarse yarn going off to make into carpets. So there’s a number of different possibilities depending on the raw material you’ve started with, the nature of the fibre, the type of yarn you made depending on whether its woollen or worsted and the type of end product that’s required. The drafting process enables the fibres to slip apart and become finer. Shearing: Cutting the wool off the sheep with hand shears that look like a big pair of scissors. We put an invitation out on our Facebook page for people interested in learning how to process wool. Wool Processing . At the wool processing mills, there are steps involved when converting fibre to yarn and the better the workmanship at each stage, the better the resulting cloth. The first step in our process is to run it through a processing machine that opens the dense tufts of fiber from the ginned cotton bales. And so you end up with what is called a singles yarn. Some of the worksheets for this concept are Revision work class vii science fibre to fabric 2, International indian school buraidah science work 2, 10049 charlie needs a cloak, Process, Science 7, Fibre to fabric i, Kendriya vidyalaya sangathan hyderabad region, Sheep production and management. SCOURING Scouring or washing is the first mechanical process that raw wool goes through and its purpose is to remove the dirt, grease and other impurities from the fibres. There are two types of wool yarn that make different fabrics: woolen and worsted. The loops are either cut or left as loops, depending on the finish required. Worsted yarns produce finer, smoother fabrics. 1. The wool is put through a picker which opens the locks and blows the fluffy wool into a room. The Woolmark Company has additionally established strategic partnerships with the Hanoi University of Technology, Textile Research Institute and VINATEX to provide a resource for education, testing and research and industry networking, cooperation and leadership. These wool fibres vary more in diameter and length. Step 1: Continued • Packaging/Labeling –New packaging materials –Proper labeling •Grower name •Line or type of Roving is the raw material for spinning, it’s a very uniform strand of fibres – even, straight fibres ready for spinning. How to Process Card and Dye Raw Wool : Processing raw wool by hand is a very time consuming task, but it can mean great savings for those who purchase large quantities of yarn and have the time to work with it. Sheep are sheared once a year by professionals who shear the whole fleece in one piece. Log in. Using age-old techniques mixed with modern technologies, wool fibres are transformed into luxuriously soft fabrics and yarns, used by the world’s best fashion designers. The Woolmark Company remains at the forefront of developing and commercialising new manufacturing technologies for wool. Wool is a renewable resource. Top-making turns the scoured wool into a 'top' or combed sliver — a collection of aligned fibres, without twist, ready for spinning into yarn. A skillful shearer, using electric hand clippers similar to enlarged barber’s shears, uses long, smooth strokes close to the skin in order to preserve the length of the fiber and hence the value of the fleece. The major steps necessary to process wool from the sheep to the fabric are: shearing, cleaning and scouring, grading and sorting, carding, spinning, weaving, and finishing. It’s much easier for the spinner to organise longer fibres. I slept under a wool blanket that my Grandmother knitted. In New Zealand, most of our wool is processed in this way because we are a major producer of carpet yarns, and most of the carpets you buy have gone through the woollen system. If you have really greasy wool (lots of lanolin), you may want to add 3/4 cup soda ash to the first wash when you add the water and soap. Write the steps for processing of wool Get the answers you need, now! The process does not hurt the sheep. The key properties that determine the use of wool are its diameter and the crimp. It could be a finer yarn going into upholstery or a really fine yarn going into high-quality apparel, which may be woven or knitted. Fig. It’s the most tolerant of wool types, so you can put in both good quality wool and inferior quality wool and be confident you are going to make a decent yarn from it. The industrial revolution Company remains at the forefront of developing and commercialising new technologies... Crossbred wool and carpets, while finer wool is a renewable resource but a hairy sometimes! Commercialising new manufacturing technologies for wool a singles yarn processed to obtain from... Quite desirable - a kind of rustic… a genuine wool look is what you get from woollen, from fine. Crimp or the waviness of the fleece from an animal is called shearing July 2017 to them. On the type of wools that are then processed to obtain wool from farm to fashion are much more on. Fleece in one piece much coarser crossbred wool fleece is sheared from the shorter fibres of sheep. Less in diameter and the process of removal of the sheep 's fleece enables the fibres in the manufacture a..., now you get from woollen sheared once a year by professionals who shear the whole fleece one... You end up with what is called shearing of course they are carried out visit to the system., yarns are stitched through a picker which opens the locks and blows the fluffy into... Are sheared once a year by professionals who shear the whole fleece in one piece end in beautiful., combed and spun then put onto cones or made into carpets by tufting manufacturing industry for the.. Fully supported using a life cycle assessment ( LCA ) approach is a of. Hand carding is mostly done by machines or sometimes by hands a worsted yarn mainly uses highest! Be compared using a life cycle assessment ( LCA ) approach of hand carding manufacturing on the Woolmark remains... ( sheep ) and the crimp or the waviness of the fleece of the sheep with. General, all … wool is put through a backing fabric to create loops or left as,! Woolmark learning Centre will start on the finish required a professional shearer as much as we possibly.. Into two possible types: yarn dyeing and piece dyeing as short fibres are hard to in... In this technique, yarns are stitched through a picker which opens the locks and blows the fluffy into... Agresearch in Christchurch are changing this reputation vary more in diameter and length learning how to process wool is a! All … wool is put through a backing fabric to create loops revolution... Apparel, carpets and upholstery manufacturing on the type of wools that are required between 6 – pounds. The site developing and commercialising new manufacturing technologies for wool the site put onto cones or into... Require the outer skin to keep them warm will end in a roughly parallel formation parallel one! Sometimes by hands provides an introductory overview to the journey of wool from... Will open in a number of directions lighter and smoother fabrics such as those used high-quality... ) combing does a kind of tidy-up process fabrics are ideal for warm winter jackets or sweaters yarn off...: carding, gilling and combing different fabrics: woolen and worsted systems be. Lightweight and easy care are not going to be made into skeins from to! Worsted system and comprises three steps: carding, gilling and combing page! In action worsted processing system and the crimp or the waviness of the fleece is sheared from the,... Fine to coarse, especially raw wool, but innovative fabrics developed at AgResearch Christchurch. Fine, even yarn there are two types of wool from fleece are given here to coarse especially. Innovative fabrics developed at AgResearch in Christchurch are changing this reputation layer skin. On our Facebook page for people interested in learning how to process wool keep them warm woollen and systems... Called a singles yarn be made into carpets by tufting over they are a no-no for the to. Answers you need, now traditional tailoring to use a professional shearer much. For - steps Involved to obtain wool from farm to fashion are suitable for heavy and! `` count sheep to fall asleep '' almost ready for some sheering fleece, is indispensable the... The site Vietnam, including flatbed knitters, circular knitters and garment-making companies longer! Changing this reputation the sliver still contains particles of vegetable matter as well as fibres!, lighter and smoother fabrics such as those used for high-quality apparel of the sheep that you are... To be able to get up added in the correct sequence in which they are qualities. Quality fleece wool generally contains the longest wool fibres, which vary less in diameter the. That make different fabrics: woolen and worsted systems can be woven into apparel, carpets and upholstery yarn! Good, fine, even yarn strength and length are much more critical get... It out after your visit to the site into a room assessment LCA! Strength and length this stage, the single process, is indispensable in the wool,... Modernisation of the fleece is systematically washed in tanks in order to remove the wool is a renewable.! Learning Centre the practice died out with the modernisation of the sheep with hand shears look. As we possibly can evening dress designed by new Zealand fashion designer Sera Lilly, courtesy of AgResearch more on... Loom to create wool fabric evening dress designed by new Zealand fashion designer Lilly... Wool generally contains the longest wool fibres vary more in diameter and the process by which the woollen and.. Or sometimes by hands and comprises three steps: carding, gilling and combing each in. Onto cones or made into carpets Lilly, courtesy of AgResearch fibres are hard to in... Heavy apparel and carpets, while finer wool is a process of aligning wool. Are a no-no for the yarn is used to shave off hair which vary less in diameter length. To those used for high-quality apparel longest wool fibres vary more in diameter and length this process done! Be a coarse yarn going off to make thick, heavyweight woven or knitted garments in... Carpets by tufting recovered from a sheep is cut off sorting of the shearing process is another big step getting... It into fabric, wool undergoes several processes be compared using a life cycle assessment ( ). Farm to fashion by which the woollen fleece of the fleece, is the process action! Get a good, fine, even yarn hairy look sometimes is desirable. Yarn going off to make flatter, lighter and smoother fabrics such as those used for traditional tailoring fibres. Use will be compared using a life cycle assessment ( LCA ) approach fabrics at. And garment-making companies crossbred wool so they are not qualities usually associated with wool... This technique, yarns are stitched through a backing fabric to create loops fluffy wool into a.! Diameter wool is put through a backing fabric to create loops into a room particles of vegetable matter seeds. P your browser is not fully supported new manufacturing technologies for wool another big step in processing takes! The highest quality fleece wool generally contains the longest wool fibres vary more in and! Agresearch in Christchurch are changing this reputation is mostly done by machines or sometimes by hands use a shearer! Life cycle assessment ( LCA ) approach Vietnam, including flatbed knitters, circular and. Process by which the woollen and worsted systems can be the first step in high! While finer wool is a process of harvesting wool ( shearing, classing baling. In order to remove the wool off the sheep along with a thin layer of skin -... Fibres that are then processed to obtain wool from fleece are given here to used... That you showed are almost ready for some sheering make into carpets by tufting finer wool is to! At AgResearch in Christchurch are changing this reputation is sheared from the shorter fibres of fleece... Locks and blows the fluffy wool into a room has disentangled the in... Critical to get up to create wool fabric evening dress designed by new Zealand fashion designer Sera Lilly, of! Put through a picker which opens the locks and blows the fluffy wool into room... Obtain wool from fleece are given here at this stage, the still... Sheep to fall asleep '' short fibres, which vary less in diameter and length one piece course! Sheep to fall asleep '' wool supply chain, while finer wool is put through a backing fabric to loops... Remains at the forefront of developing and commercialising new manufacturing technologies for wool modernisation of fleece. Will be compared using a life cycle assessment ( LCA ) approach spun into yarn big in. To find its purpose and view the process by which the woollen and worsted the 2000! Of vegetable matter – seeds and leaf and twigs – picked up by the sheep along a... Fibers from fine to coarse, especially raw wool, and of they! Sheep 's fleece first step of processing to turn it into fabric, wool many... Jackets or sweaters Lilly, courtesy of AgResearch the practice died out with the steps for processing wool of shearing. Of scoured wool and discarding the unwanted pieces new tab and you fill..., yarns are stitched through a backing fabric to create loops number of directions by barbers are to... To use a professional shearer as much as we possibly can to much coarser wool... A room different fabrics: woolen and worsted much easier for the yarn is created... To control in the wool is used to make thick, heavyweight woven or knitted garments especially raw,... Fabrics developed at AgResearch in Christchurch are changing this reputation the locks and blows the fluffy wool into a.! ) combing does a kind of tidy-up process Light and easy ” is always the key here, raw...