Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008 Nov 18;105(46):18035-40. Hickok G, Poeppel D. The cortical organization of speech processing. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18812489?tool=bestpractice.com 2007 Jul 10;69(2):200-13. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17620554?tool=bestpractice.com. 3rd ed. Evidence-based systematic review: effects of intensity of treatment and constraint-induced language therapy for individuals with stroke-induced aphasia. Such aphasic individuals benefit from referral to a speech language pathologist specializing in aphasia therapy. Speech and language therapy for aphasia following stroke. Memantine and constraint-induced aphasia therapy in chronic poststroke aphasia. J Neurol Sci. However, the dose (number of sessions) may actually be more important than the intensity. Her employer receives grant funding from the National Institutes of Health for projects on which she is the primary investigator, and she has received an honorarium and travel reimbursement from Sun Pharmaceuticals to lecture on Aphasia at a CME conference in India. Saur D, Kreher BW, Schnell S, et al. 2008 Oct;51(5):1282-99. [13]Cherney LR, Patterson JP, Raymer A, et al. AEH receives royalties from Psychology Press for a book she edited (Handbook of Adult Language Disorders). 2007 May;8(5):393-402. New approach to the rehabilitation of post-stroke focal cognitive syndrome: effect of levodopa combined with speech and language therapy on functional recovery from aphasia. [12]Brady MC, Kelly H, Godwin J, et al. 2007 May;8(5):393-402. Transcortical sensory aphasia usually results from ischaemia involving the watershed area between the left MCA and left posterior cerebral artery territory. Western aphasia battery. A randomized, placebo-controlled study of donepezil in poststroke aphasia. Elsner B, Kugler J, Pohl M, et al. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press; 1994:755-88. Receptive aphasia exercises help with understanding words spoken by others. This is often tested by asking the patient to describe a complex picture depicting a number of activities. Patients with fluent aphasia (melodious, effortless, well-articulated speech, which may have little content) tend to have posterior lesions in the left hemisphere, whereas patients with non-fluent aphasia (effortful, poorly-articulated speech, with more accurate content than speech sounds) tend to have anterior lesions in the brain. Wernicke’s aphasia is the most common … Wernicke's aphasia is characterised by fluent but meaningless speech output and repetition, with poor word and sentence comprehension. Live. Ochfeld E, Newhart M, Molitoris J, et al. The Quick Aphasia Battery (QAB) aims to provide a reliable and multidimensional assessment of language function in about a quarter of an hour, bridging the gap between comprehensive batteries that are time-consuming to administer, and rapid screening instruments that provide limited detail regarding individual profiles of deficits. San Diego, CA: Academic Press; 1994:152-84. [6]Black S, Behrmann M. Localization in alexia. Western aphasia battery. Nat Rev Neurosci. [12]Brady MC, Kelly H, Godwin J, et al. It is typically due to ischemia affecting the inferior parietal lobule. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25929694?tool=bestpractice.com 10/30/2013 5 For this presentation: The criterion for considering an aphasia treatment evidence-supported was that there was a published review or similar publication Aphasiology. Individuals with Broca aphasia often have difficulty understanding syntactically complex or semantically reversible sentences (e.g., "touch your nose after you touch your foot") but have little trouble understanding simple, semantically nonreversible sentences. Good awareness of errors in speech and writing, sometimes fixed independently. Cognitive and neural substrates of written language comprehension and production. 2005;19:985-93. [1]Damasio AR. Lesions in the ventral stream disrupt word comprehension as well as sentence comprehension. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19268976?tool=bestpractice.com [7]Hillis AE, Rapp BC. 2009 Aug 15;283(1-2):214-8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19268976?tool=bestpractice.com. Aphasia is an acquired impairment of language that affects comprehension and production of words, sentences, and/or discourse. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27245310?tool=bestpractice.com 2016;(6):CD000425. A patient can be fluent on one dimension and nonfluent on another. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17101908?tool=bestpractice.com In: Kertesz A, ed. Wernicke’s aphasia Comprehension (auditory & reading) impaired Oral Expression: fluent, well-articulated, good prosody rapid rate incessant (logorrhea, press of speech) verbal and literal paraphasias neologisms “empty speech” paragrammatic Repetition poor Lack of awareness However, few studies have investigated primary progressive aphasia with neologisms in neurodegenerative disease. 1992 Feb 20;326(8):531-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1732792?tool=bestpractice.com. 2003 Apr;34(4):987-93. Nat Rev Neurosci. Ann Neurol. Ventral stream: a stream of processing that supports the interface between sensory-phonological networks with semantic-conceptual network ('sound to meaning'), from Heschl's gyrus bilaterally through the left temporal cortex, with widespread connections to semantic representations bilaterally. 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